Tuesday, February 26, 2013

Voyage Beyond Apollo

News-Journal article announcing this voyage
Nebraska Press: book that mentions this voyage
Paris Review: story about two stowaways on this voyage
Video:  of the cruise
Apollo 17, Nasa photo

The following is a reproduction of the program for “Voyage Beyond Apollo.” 


The Total Environment and Future of Civilization

“Voyage beyond Apollo”
Created by Richard C. Hoagland aboard the S.S. “Stantendam”
December 4-13, 1972

Robert Duncan-Enzmann, Program Director
Krafft Ehricke, Honorary Program Chairman

Acknowledgements

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following:
Executive personnel of Holland-America Line with special thanks to Messrs. Tensen
and Kolb for unfailing courtesy and patience

For special assistance:
Isaac Asimov
Gerald Bull
John Donnelly
James Fletcher
Kenneth Franklin
Gerald Griffin
Robert and Virginia Heinlein
Frank Korkosz
Homer Newell
Fred Ordway
Neil Ruzic

Exhibits:
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Hayden Planetarium
Princeton Museum
Springfield (MA) Museum of Science
Bonestell Collection (courtesy of F. Ordway)

It should be noted that the above contributors have made their contributions of time, effort, financial assistance, and creative ability without thought of personal gain but with dedication to the ideals with which we hope to identify this Voyage and this Conference:

For the increase of Understanding and the improvement of the quality of life for the peoples of planet Earth in these days of increasing knowledge and awareness.


“It is a story as ancient as the Galaxy itself. Planets spread across the night like grains of sand. Races – every imaginable size and color, shape and origin, each with an unnamed urge to Know, to Understand, to mold a future rich with life and promise out of whatever is available. Each starting a journey, a trek from fear and superstition to Civilization ad journey few ever complete.

Along the way there are hazards. Some environments are stronger than the race and Intelligence dies stillborn amid raging ice-age snows and drifting desert sands. Others reach plateau and there remain, trapped in idyllic gardens without challenge or a future. Still others succumb to astronomical disaster, their worlds destroyed before Intelligence has learned enough.

But there are some, such as ourselves, who do survive famine, flood, disease – everything a planet can array against them. From impossible beginnings, knowing nothing of the universe around them, they mature. Imperceptibly, at first, across silent millennia, at first. Their knowledge grows: fire, farming, metals, and the wheel. Their numbers swell. Their cities rise, vast centers for commerce, culture, communication. Their transportation conquers water, land, and then the sky itself as distances become abstractions of the mind.

The basic limits of reality, the laws of physics, chemistry, and living organisms are explored: industries are born with each discovery. A race controlling energy upon a planetary scale expands across the surface of its world.

But beneath this technological explosion there is another force, a drive that is as ancient as the origin of life: to multiply, to father kind, to procreate the race. The biologic means to immortality.

Upon a thousand worlds amid the stars, races flash from savagery to technological supremacy in an instant of geologic time. Infants they are, victims of their two most potent drives, the urge to reproduce and the urge to Understand. They never have a chance, catapulted as they are a million years beyond their comprehension. FO it is time that, in the end, defeats them; they know too much too soon, but really Understand too little that they know…..”
                                                                                                Richard C Hoagland
                                                                                                From “Environment in Crisis”
                                                                                                (Work in progress)


It is to the Cause of Understanding that this Voyage and its distinguished Conference participants are dedicated. We have been extraordinarily fortunate. We have survived four million years, and learned to love and sing and live together trusting that the “average man” possesses the wisdom which is the key to our survival. It would be a cosmic irony to have learned all that and then to fail the final test: communication of the facts among ourselves.

Some concern has been voiced recently regarding predictions of the future of civilization, based on certain computer models and parameters. All these predictions have been essentially negative, and, based on certain assumptions used in the modeling, we might be inclined to agree with the conclusions. Our disagreement lies with the assumptions --- assumptions not at all consistent with the present evidence.

It is to present these new options, therefore, that this present Conference was convened. It is also our wish to illustrate the deep historical involvement of civilization with the heavens to such a degree, in fact, that some evidence strongly suggests a causal relationship between this human celestial orientation and the rise of civilization to begin with.

For those who would prefer to ignore this marshaled evidence, both historic and contemporary, including impending possibilities for drastic improvement in the efficiency of transportation beyond Earth, we offer a quotation: “Man will not be content with mere survival. He will prevail!”

Welcome to “Voyage Beyond Apollo.”

May it help you to leave us with increased Understanding of one important facet of our lives.
                                                                                    Richard Hoagland
                                                                                    Creator of “Voyage Beyond Apollo.”


Calendar

Monday December 4, 1972
4:00 PM – departure New York
Welcoming Ceremonies – Keynote Address
Dr. Kenneth Franklin, Director, Hayden Planetarium, American Museum of Natural History

Tuesday, December 5, 1972
Conference on the Total Environment: The Future of Civilization
First Seminar …………. Cornucopia of Space

Wednesday, December 6, 1972
Second Seminar……Ecological Niches in the Solar System and Beyond
Arrival on station off Pad 39A, Cape Kennedy
Preparation for photography of Apollo 17
Pre-launch ceremonies
9:55 PM………………….Launch of Apollo 17

Thursday December 7, 1972
1:00 AM …...Departure Cape Kennedy
Third Seminar …..... New Technology for Social Change and the Quest for Artificial Intelligence

Friday, December 8, 1972
Fourth Seminar ……..…. “Energy and Propulsion
Evening …...................................  Dr. Kenneth Franklin
Special Celestial show Courtesy of Hayden Planetarium: “The Origin of the Christmas Star.”
Full effects and music from the Planetarium.

Saturday, December 9, 1972
12:00 noon …….arrival St. Thomas
Free Day

Sunday, December 10, 1972
1:30 AM .................….Departure St. Thomas
7:30 AM ….......................... Arrival San Juan
8:00 AM …. (in buses) Departure San Juan
10:00 AM …........................... Arrival Arecibo

Special Seminar hosted by Director, Dr. Frank Drake and Dr. Carl Sagan of Cornell University: “The Feasibility of Interstellar Communication.”
12:00 noon……Special luncheon buffet for
“Voyage Beyond Apollo” guests - courtesy of Arecibo Observatory
1:00 PM .….……. Departure Arecibo
3:00 PM……..…..... Arrival San Juan
4:00 PM ………. Departure San Juan

Monday December 11, 1972
Fifth Seminar ………. “The Grand Design
Evening …. .....................……Special Program
Dr. Carl Sagan, Director for Radio-physics, Cornell University, Mariner 9 Television Experimenter
Mars – The 90-Day Revolution of Mariner 9

Tuesday, December 12, 1972
Sixth Seminar …….. “Science, Art, Communication, and Cosmology
Last night at sea ..............................................…. Captain’s Dinner
Special evening program……………. Post-Symposium Colloquium

Wednesday, December 13, 1972
3:00 PM ……Arrival New York


Conference on the Total Environment and the Future of Civilization
(From the Planetology and Space Mission Planning Series)

First Seminar: Cornucopia of Space

Mankind’s relationship with the total environment of Earth and Space extends into antiquity an estimated 40,000 years! What is popularly known as the “Age of Space” is only the result of this investment - over 40 millennia of historical association with the heavens which has literally led to all we know – agriculture, cities, commerce, and the arts, culminating now with the last and grandest stage in this relationship: Exploration of the Universe, first hand. 
This development, recent though it is, has seen vast networks rise: communication, weather, and navigation satellites to serve a hundred million people of the Earth, coupled with celestial survey of its limited resources, just begun. Future children of the world will see this pyramid of systems greatly strengthened to include power generation from the sun, and seismic networks placed on other planets to act as aids to earthquake warning and eventual prevention.  
And some day, to save this “good green Earth,” men will turn increasingly to the use, through manufacturing in Space, of the limitless resources of the sun – treasure-troves of minerals, chemicals, and metals orbiting one hundred million miles beyond the biosphere, and hence expendable. The “mother lode” beyond men’s wildest dreams, it is the means of silencing forever all those who state that man must stay confined in body and mind to just one world.
Acceptance of his gift, the planetary system of his sun, will ready Man to dare the greatest human adventure of them all: The ultimate of voyages Beyond Apollo, the fascinating journey to the stars!

Participants in discussions for the First Seminar include:
     Isaac Asimov, author, bio-chemist
    Ben Bova, editor of Analog
   Arthur C. Clark, author, Fellow, Royal Astronomical Society
   Miss Pandora Duncan, student ecologist
   Robert Duncan-Enzmann, Fellow, New York Academy of Sciences
   Richard C Hoagland, science adviser, creator of “Voyage Beyond    
          Apollo" Norman Mailer, author


       Topics Include: 
  • `     Communications
  •        Space monitoring of fisheries, storms, ice-floes
  •        Navigation - methods old, new, and timeless
  •        Direct Broadcast TV to India: Historic experiment destined to revolution educational communication
  •        Survey and management of Earth’s precious resources; the space view of crops, blight,   drought, locusts, and animal migration
  •        Cosmic weather, solar storms, moon-base blackouts, radiation and aircraft passengers
  •        Earthquake monitoring of other planets for Earth application
  •        Weather monitoring for other planets for Earth application
  •        The Space Shuttle, for repair of the forgoing, to prepare for the following
  •        The Magnificent Heritage of the inner and outer solar system
  •        Unmanned interstellar probes and manned voyages beyond Apollo to the stars

Second Seminar: Ecological Niches in the Solar System

"Sunlight streams across the Solar System
Becoming trees and birds and Man
With photosynthesis is the Means
and Consciousness the Plan"

Ecology, the relationship between living organism and the environment, is old. It is the popular awareness which is new.

Thus the Earth maintains a complex ecology between a shifting crust and a transparent sheath of air, but that ecology gains sustenance, in turn, through a broader ecological relationship among the Earth, the sun, and other planets of this star. Bathed in a flood of energy constant across geologic time, the planets move, in turn, through a constantly shifting interplay of gravitation, radiation, and shards of small debris; not isolated islands in an infinite sea, but interacting members on a grand galactic stage. 

It is into this ecology, stretching from the sun to the outer reaches of the solar family, that mankind has been born, participant in an interrelated system that, through its aspirations, will soon stretch outward to involve the stars themselves.

Participants in the discussions for the Second Seminar include: 

Isaac Asimov, author, bio-chemist
Roger Caras, author, ecologist
Krafft Ehricke, chief scientific advisor of North American Rockwell Company
Kenneth Franklin, Director Hayden Planetarium, American Museum of Natural   History
Keith Moore, psychologist
Neil Ruzic, founder Industrial Research
Richard Sternbach, artist, student

Topics include: 
  •        The origin and preservation of the ecology of Earth
  •        Utilization of extraterrestrial resources, including lunar habitation and feedback to the Earth
  •        Earth-like planets, moon-like worlds, and comets of other stellar systems as minimum acceptable destinations for manned inter-stellar expeditions
  •        Genetic adaptation of man to extraterrestrial environments and possible solution to the problem of historic genetic errors
  •        The origin and evolution of stars and associated planetary systems

The remaining seminars will be posted in sequence. I hope you find this fascinating, and that you ask yourself the same questions I have. This was 1972. 

What has happened? Technology races ahead, and yet, forty years later, we have little of this done. 

Why?



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