Friday, July 3, 2015

Order Theory and the Problems of Gravitation

I have presented this exactly as I found it; some items referred to in it are missing to date.

From the pamphlet: 

4th Conference on Planetology and Space Mission Planning: R.D. and J.M Enzmann, December 1972

This pamphlet is for the convenience of the press. Here we have gathered prints of the slides used with the paper on Order Theory: and included also a diagram of the physics involved in the formation of star bows. The formation of star-bows takes place when a vehicle moves at any velocity against the continuum; however it is only markedly developed at velocities that are a significant fraction of the velocity of light. Star-bows have been beautifully painted by artist R. Sternbach, as displayed in this session.

(This is a painting by Don Davis showing a star-bow. see also 'Welcome Aboard')

The mathematical background supporting this release is contained in the accompanying paper. IT has also been published at:

Trans.AM.Geophyisical Union. Enzmann, RD and JM, 1972. Precession of Planetary Perihelia. 53:11, page 1110.
Ann. N.Y. Academy of Sciences. Enzmann RD and JM, and Girard, A. 1972. Cosmological Aspects of Order, Relevance, and Information Theory. 187: page 10.

The accompanying paper is
Enzmann, RD and JM, 1972. Order Theory as Applied to Problems of Gravitation.

Gravitational Doppler

To predict gravitational red or blue shift you need only:

1) Euclid’s Geometry x y z as f(t)

2) A Newtonian Potential Equation U = -GMm/R

3) Hasenohrl’s Principle of the Inertia of Electromagnetic Energy mo = E/C2 Circa 1903

4) Planck’s Equation e = hv

Gravitational Bending of Light

To Predict Gravitational Bending of Light You Need Only:

1) Euclid’s Geometry x y z as f(t)

2) Kepler’s Three Laws of Planetary Motion

3) Newton’s second Law as he stated it F = dp/dt

4) Planck’s Equation e = hv

5) Hasenohrl’s Principle of the Inertia of Electromagnetic Energy m = e2/c circa 1903

Equivalence is a Statement of Observational Ambiguity, Not a Physical Law, and is Invalid

Precession of Planetary Perihelia

To Predict Precession of Orbital Perihelia You Need Only:

1) Euclid’s Geometry x y z as f(t)

2) Kepler’s Three Laws of Planetary Motion

3) Newton’s Universal Law of Gravitation f = GMm/R
4) Lorentz’s Effects 

Hammers Fall Faster Than Feathers

After all, among other things, the hammer does indeed ‘fall’ faster than the feather. Try it on a small asteroid.

It is postulated that criteria for validity of theories should be as follows:
1)  If two theories are equally broad in their powers of description, the simpler is more valid.
2) If there are two theories and one has broader powers of description, the broader description is more valid.

Star-Bows, the Keys to a Revolution in Views on Mathematical Physics

                                                                        + X

Sunday, January 25, 2015

Food for “Starlings”: nutritious and delicious

Some of Dr. Duncan-Enzmann's considerations of what long passage travelers would eat while in space, especially on colonizing missions. From the Duncan-Enzmann Archives, property of White Knight Studio.

Not for the birds

  • Not worms, but standard foods comparable to those eaten by Earthlings
  • Starship as a soaring ark (need to take various edible living creatures to populate a new world)
  • Comparison with food available to current astronauts
  • Diets designed to satisfy nutritional requirements
  • Farm more healthful and satisfying than the meals served to voyagers aboard the Mayflower, and better than those consumed by many people today

Crucial Importance of Nutrition

  • To promote well-being
  • To maximize work efficiency
  • To diminish sickness’
  • To increase longevity
  • Especially important for voyagers on difficult missions aimed at colonizing distant worlds

Fuel for Human Propulsion

  • Input, thru-put, output (stages of metabolism: anabolism and catabolism)
  • Counting calories (caloric requirements)
  • Weighed in the balances (rations of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats in balanced diets)
  • Gambling in the amino casino (with either incomplete proteins that are deficient in at least one of the eight essential amino acids, or supplementation with ‘free-form’ or peptide-borded amino acids)
  • Marathoners ‘carbo-loading’ (importance of complex carbohydrates in healthful diets)
  • Not all fats are created equal (good fats and bad fats: needs and dangers)
  • Overfed and under nourished: typical American diet
  • To each according to his/her needs
  • Individual differences in vitamin and mineral requirements
  • A plurality of golden means
  • One man’s meat…
  • Fluids and fiber
  • Dangers of dietary excesses and deficiencies
  • Water: Liquid Fuel

Recycled but ‘ideal’

  • Purified processed urine: as good as new
  • Reverse osmosis produces ideal drinking water as judged in terms of three parameters and as measured by the Vincent Machine
  • Wide range of drinks made from powdered formulas

Interstellar Dining

  • For gourmets, not gourmands (neither fasting nor feasting, but enjoyment of a variety or carefully prepared natural foods)
  • Almost a smorgasbord (opportunities for choice to satisfy individual preferences and to provide variety)
  • Catering to preferences (tastiness, not just palatability)
  • Fresh from the garden, no raw deal (a wide range of plentiful vegetables, fiber)
  • No grain drain (plenty of grain, though nothing corny – criterial: height, yield, maturity)
  • Something to crow about (chickens and their eggs)
  • Of rabbits and rats (but no turkeys)
  • Even pigs and dwarf cattle
  • Soy milk: replacement of the udder drink (the only rationale for putting cows in space might to be fire the first herd shot around the world.) (No corn in space??)
  • Pollen: from stingless bees in mini-hives
  • Fruits are for Earthlings (except for an occasional tree spree: fruits from dwarf citrus trees
  • No lakes for fishing (though could take along some powdered Omega 3
  • Supplementation with nutritious flavored powders
  • Spice is the variety of life (spectrum of different flavorings, textures, etc.)

Later Starships: A Variety of Menus

  • Expansion of modest variety offered by the first starship
  • Three representative menus
  • Vegetarians’ delight
  • Chicken and eggs
  • Longevity option
  • For health nuts who refuse to emulate fast food freaks
  • The ‘Grim Reaper’ – harvests beyond the fields of the earth
  • Not suspended animation but extended animation (eating properly and traveling faster; two ways to slow the aging process)
  • Especially important on a starship
  • Slim and trim; under-nutrition without malnutrition (emphasis on complex carbohydrates; measured mega-doses of specific nutrients)
  • Exotic products: production of ‘food vitamins’ and antioxidant enzymes
  • Supplements (chemical substances that are neither vitamins nor minerals, bbut have recognized benefits)

Catastrophe insurance: Freeze-dried powder

  • Manna from heaven (each morning, daily portion of nutritious food, provisions for many years)
  • A pound a day (designed to meet all know n nutritional needs: calories, proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals, enzymes, chlorophyll, fiber, etc.)
  • Keeping the powder dry (no proclivity to rancidity) (like an Egyptian mummy – pressed for time)
  • Taking a powder
  • Mixture with equal amount of water
  • Diverse flavorings (need a gourmet cook for all seasonings
  • Five formulas

Food for thought: Manifest Destiny

  • Colonists: if pushed by their food, pulled by their expectations of exploration and colonization
  • Crew members: likewise, pulled by expectations of exploration, also, of life extension by traveling at relativistic speeds (as  well as by longevity diets)
  • Motivation for deferred gratification, if starship food at times seems to be only adequate rather than optimal

Other related topics covered in Duncan-Enzmann’s Archive:

  • Farming in Space (raising crops and animals)
  • Eating at relativistic speeds (effects on metabolism, etc.)
  • Importance of considering degree of hardiness and distinctive eating habits (e/g/ enjoying foods of the kinds most readily raised on starships) when selecting crew members
  • Dining halls and restaurants aboard starships
  • Timing of meals (with no sun available for a 24 hour day) (Circadium of rhythms in space)
  • Establishing agriculture on a landfall (and on different types of landfalls
  • Any danger of food allergies? (even people who lack food allergies can sometimes develop them from eating large amounts of the same food repeatedly (e.g. chicken)
  • Organisms to take in the interstellar ark (though focus on certain organisms for food production, take representatives of various species for populating new worlds – and have occasional meals when they reproduce excessively)

This information has been compiled and published here by Michelle Snyder of White Knight Studio with permission from and in honor of Dr. Robert Duncan-Enzmann.

Thursday, September 12, 2013

Excerpt from Starships Now! by Robert Duncan-Enzmann

"Glory" By Don Davis and Duncan-Enzmann 
Transfer to Eureka: Section on Shields Down

View from a Starship’s Bridge

Clamshell and iris-shields of the Echolance and Torch ships open. Standing on the bridge of these ships is now like standing under a starry sky. But what a sky! It is totally free of light pollution, gases, mists, and other things that spoil the view.

Fleet Operations

“All hands! All hands!”

It’s Admiral Duncan.

“Refueling, report to your stations.”

He’s timed things – not just carefully, but wisely. It’s afternoon. Everyone has been fed. They’re rested. They have practiced, and they know the order’s coming today or tomorrow. It’s a clockwork operation.

The next months will be a period of maximum work-load for the ship’s company of Rainbow. Every man, woman, and child will work fourteen to eighteen hours a day, seven days a week. Preparation for this effort started weeks earlier with a tightening of discipline to the point of harshness.

It’s the way of those who live their lives on Echolances. For them, it is survival. It’s life and death. At these times they must work. Those who cannot, or will not, are expelled from the communities – usually to the colonies. A small number of very able colonists who are both compatible-with and accepted-by ships companies may join them. It’s a two-way migration.

Cleanup is now done by children so young they are but little more than toddlers. Kitchens are operated and food is delivered by very young grade-schoolers. Communications are manned by women in the last stages of pregnancy, and the very old. Cargo, supplies, and structures are moved-about by older grade-schoolers, while the oldest of this cohort refuels, repairs, and refurbishes the refueling fleet.

Ages of the maintenance cohort range up to twelve; it’s a tender age, but on a Starship they have trained for this since they were four. Girls and boys work, eat, and sleep beside the glove docks. The refueling fleet tolerates no breakdowns. There are no excuses. There is pride, even an enormous esprit de corps. They are magnificent and they know it.

None falter. Yes, there are injuries, but they are cared for. Yes, many are exhausted and sleep “just a little longer” on the decks; but the refueling fleet functions like clockwork. When a damaged or malfunctioning craft enters a dock, it is replaced at that moment. The cohort is ahead of the game, it has extra vehicles equipped and ready for launch in their glove docks.

Incoming vehicles are seized on the spot, the cohort swarms over them working with almost-desperation. Teams rival each other, checkers rival each other to find faults. Scores are posted.

Groups of Little Ones bring in food for “their teams.” The bring clothes they have cleaned and sort-of ironed, warm water with which to clean up a little, progress reports, and “good news” about work accomplished, errors not found, and accident free days.

On each team it’s the section of Little Ones who make up more-or-less nice fresh beds for the big children. It’s the Little Ones who understand that many of the team will be happier at night if well-loved dolls, teddy bears, and other objects “sleep with them.” The little ones understand – and so does everyone else, up to and including the fleet Admiral. Often the Little Ones tell bedtime stories or read to the team members – they understand.

Flag officers, already seasoned, with ambitions to become Captains, and even Admirals, manage the repair cohorts. It requires great insight, nicety of timing, a great deal of human empathy, sympathy, and compassion. No team may be discouraged by doing too poorly, no team is allowed to be so much better than the others that it becomes arrogant – even as the others are discouraged. This is education aboard a Starship at it is best. Those who have lived, worked, planned, and made their friends in such an environment are fortunate indeed.

From schematics drawn for Dr. Enzmann by Pangman

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