Thursday, September 12, 2013

Excerpt from Starships Now! by Robert Duncan-Enzmann

"Glory" By Don Davis and Duncan-Enzmann 
Transfer to Eureka: Section on Shields Down

View from a Starship’s Bridge

Clamshell and iris-shields of the Echolance and Torch ships open. Standing on the bridge of these ships is now like standing under a starry sky. But what a sky! It is totally free of light pollution, gases, mists, and other things that spoil the view.

Fleet Operations

“All hands! All hands!”

It’s Admiral Duncan.

“Refueling, report to your stations.”

He’s timed things – not just carefully, but wisely. It’s afternoon. Everyone has been fed. They’re rested. They have practiced, and they know the order’s coming today or tomorrow. It’s a clockwork operation.

The next months will be a period of maximum work-load for the ship’s company of Rainbow. Every man, woman, and child will work fourteen to eighteen hours a day, seven days a week. Preparation for this effort started weeks earlier with a tightening of discipline to the point of harshness.

It’s the way of those who live their lives on Echolances. For them, it is survival. It’s life and death. At these times they must work. Those who cannot, or will not, are expelled from the communities – usually to the colonies. A small number of very able colonists who are both compatible-with and accepted-by ships companies may join them. It’s a two-way migration.

Cleanup is now done by children so young they are but little more than toddlers. Kitchens are operated and food is delivered by very young grade-schoolers. Communications are manned by women in the last stages of pregnancy, and the very old. Cargo, supplies, and structures are moved-about by older grade-schoolers, while the oldest of this cohort refuels, repairs, and refurbishes the refueling fleet.

Ages of the maintenance cohort range up to twelve; it’s a tender age, but on a Starship they have trained for this since they were four. Girls and boys work, eat, and sleep beside the glove docks. The refueling fleet tolerates no breakdowns. There are no excuses. There is pride, even an enormous esprit de corps. They are magnificent and they know it.

None falter. Yes, there are injuries, but they are cared for. Yes, many are exhausted and sleep “just a little longer” on the decks; but the refueling fleet functions like clockwork. When a damaged or malfunctioning craft enters a dock, it is replaced at that moment. The cohort is ahead of the game, it has extra vehicles equipped and ready for launch in their glove docks.

Incoming vehicles are seized on the spot, the cohort swarms over them working with almost-desperation. Teams rival each other, checkers rival each other to find faults. Scores are posted.

Groups of Little Ones bring in food for “their teams.” The bring clothes they have cleaned and sort-of ironed, warm water with which to clean up a little, progress reports, and “good news” about work accomplished, errors not found, and accident free days.

On each team it’s the section of Little Ones who make up more-or-less nice fresh beds for the big children. It’s the Little Ones who understand that many of the team will be happier at night if well-loved dolls, teddy bears, and other objects “sleep with them.” The little ones understand – and so does everyone else, up to and including the fleet Admiral. Often the Little Ones tell bedtime stories or read to the team members – they understand.

Flag officers, already seasoned, with ambitions to become Captains, and even Admirals, manage the repair cohorts. It requires great insight, nicety of timing, a great deal of human empathy, sympathy, and compassion. No team may be discouraged by doing too poorly, no team is allowed to be so much better than the others that it becomes arrogant – even as the others are discouraged. This is education aboard a Starship at it is best. Those who have lived, worked, planned, and made their friends in such an environment are fortunate indeed.

From schematics drawn for Dr. Enzmann by Pangman

Related Posts:

Tuesday, May 28, 2013

Suited for Stardom

From the archives of the Enzmann Starship notes:

I) The need for improved spacesuits

Starship crews should be able to perform a wide range of difficult functions more efficiently than permitted by today’s spacesuits, and to survive indefinitely despite ominous hazards

a. One way tickets for some voyagers; colonists for whom, because of time dilation or for other reasons, return to the Earth would be impossible or impractical. Therefore seek to improve chances of survival and success in interstellar space and on landfalls.

b. The primary importance of people, appropriate clothing not merely makes the man, it may save him

d. To understand the changes in spacesuits needed to make them appropriate for star flight, we need to briefly consider the development of spacesuits and their present characteristics. First, examine how space-suited crew members could safely leave and enter a starship, and vehicles in which they could be communally transported.

II) Prerequisites for using spacesuits

a. Airlocks. When leaving or entering a starship, must conserve air by preventing it from leaving the ship. Present day methods are from the Stone Age, not sufficiently effective for starships. Four new methods: Air pump (pump air in locks back into airlock supply; waffle-board locks about the spacesuit (tight fitting connection to prevent air leakage); glove docks (almost no air leakage); gangplank airtight tubes frame cranes.

b. Life boats

c. Like life rafts, to transport space-suited workers or serve as preservative cosmic lifeboats for survival in disasters. 

d. Mini life boat. Has its own Amoeba-lock. Enter it in spacesuit lying on back, carries one or two crew members and supplies, including spheres which blow up like balloons with a diameter of about eight feet. Has a sheath or hull over it so it blows up on its own, a ship leaves it behind as part of the bubble and can later dock with it. 

e. Larger life boat, about 20 feet long, carries more crew members and supplies, including flame sprayers and spheres that, when expanded, would be large enough to enclose a small asteroid, thereby permitting mining. 

f. Two larger life boats, one of which can carry 25 people, the other 250 people, also serves as quarters. 

g. Life-preserver unit (for attachment to space suit).

III) Spacesuits today

a. Development of spacesuits

b. Characteristic of current spacesuits

c. Generally anticipated improvements

IV) Gracile spacesuits

a. Technology feasible to construct comfortable, tight-fitting, yet expandable, full pressure spacesuits that would dwarf today’s in potential size, complexity, and life sustaining capability.

b. Powered suits recycling everything would be equipped with numerous instruments for life support and life enhancement.

c. Can be made of fine tungsten, stainless steel alloyed, and vanadium, augmented by stainless steel, with a diamond finished surface (extremely hard, strong surface).

d. Comfortable to wear and attractive, hand crafted and decorated

e. Yet too bright to behold. A windshield effect – solar scintillation – just as one can be overcome by the inescapable bright reflections of the sun’s light by cars parked at various angles, so any nearby star could cause the may rounded diamonds on the surface of a spacesuit to radiate blinding light. Dulling the diamonds, colorfully, to protect against this shiny specularism; need to darken or color the diamond coating. Shading the eyes: in addition, install in spacesuits specular spot- filter eye protecting visors.

f. Basically standardized, with replicable parts, but somewhat personalized, especially distinctive male and female versions adjusted for uro-genital differences; also, variations in size of suits.

g. Lead time: estimated twenty years, which could be reduce tot ten; no major technological breakthrough required, though recycling of feces is an exacting task. 

h. Cost: We’re worth it. Expensive, individual production: estimated $10 million per suit. Mass production: between $500,000 and $2 million per suit. Requires machinery and skilled persons to produce. To discourage suit theft, use chips tuning the suit to owners. An Echo Lance must be able to repair and produce gracile space suits, though the first few trips could be made with the ability to produce a somewhat lower grade suit.

V) Indefinitely long life support

a. Occupant able to live indefinitely in suit, the main hazard being a major accident that would penetrate the puncture resistant material, thereby causing death.

b. Precise regulation of pressure and temperature.

d. Full recovery of oxygen to produce breathable air from exhaled CO2. Air recycling. CO2 scrubbing, volatiles, filtering humidity.

e. Continually renewable food and water supply from safe recycling of wastes.

e. Washed the body, ensuring cleanliness, avoiding itching with dirt, submariners' dirty eye-lines

f. Perpetually satisfies all the body’s basic physical needs.

VI) Propulsion and strength from power plants

a. Even without use of its power supply, the comfortable suit allows smooth movement.

b. Power plants using small conformal radio-isotope plutonium packs safely implanted in the suits arms and legs provide the wearer with both a source of propulsion via mini-Lance drives and enhanced power for such tasks as lifting boulders or tearing metal apart with claws.

c. Uses a quadrapole accelerator: the nuclear part generates electrical energy which the other part – the beam of the lance – uses to accelerate particles.

d. The packs, which also power other functions of the suit, constitute a virtually inexhaustible source of energy.

e. Position or orienting oneself is accomplished by using inertial reaction back and side wheels, or alternatively by liquid pumping.

VII) A panoply of additional functions

a. many instruments and tools contained within the suits a host of corresponding functions; hammer, saws, torch, pliers, drill.

b. Communication via conformal antennas built into the suits

c. Navigational equipment projected on helmet plate; beacons.

d. Lights, visible, infra-red, radar

e. Instruction: a computerized library available for prolonged study, photography, recording, project on helmet plat

f. Entertainment: extensive, varied entertainment in solid sate storage, print, diagrams, movies, music voice, interactive voice, helmet screen, thoracic screen.

g. Kinetic pellet gun, beam laser for defense but also for drilling, can be directed by eye for one or multiple targets. 

VIII) Suited for expansion and co-habitation

a. Thoracic expansion: from the waist upward may be enlarged into a small room, four conjoined to another suit. Mobility of arms allows tending a baby, made possible by “origami shoulder” – fold arms in draw arms into space suit. 

b. Can turn the expandable thorax into a back porch that does not interfere with arm movement by means of two O-rings. 

c. Blowing bubbles within bubbles: blow several Mylar bubbles, one inside of another for added protection. Padding them with Aerogel (Aerogel is especially strong, rigid, and resilient), and flame spray nickel-iron steel on their walls, forming a room perhaps as large as 25 feet in diameter, size limited by air supply weight. Use of roll-top extender. 

d. Coupling together: can join (egress) with another suited person at a conjunction port (intersect junction), permitting that person to enter the room; can join others at six ports, but the others cannot enter the room while a visitor is there. Going from one suit to another involves the use of double turning O-rings, which are as wide as the shoulders.

e. Enables space-suited individual to enjoy close social contacts, combats loneliness an facilitates sharing with others.

f. bubbles can be made transparent: glass, plastic beads and slots; light pipes, pipe screens.

g. Also the expanded bubble makes possible aerobic exercise to combat bone and cardiovascular deterioration. Artificial gravity could be generated by using the power pack to spin the bubble, though this would not be very good. A shortcut continuous running track, a raceway, can be constructed around the interior of a bubble. A bicycle-like apparatus can be rolled around it. 

IX) Who gets what type of spacesuit to use how and when

Gracile suites will be made available to all passengers who can afford them. Those who cannot will be supplied with minimal containment suits that would give them the opportunity to reach life boats in case of catastrophe. 

a. acceleration – deceleration suits: worn to increase tolerance to G-force while accelerating, decelerating or undergoing a gradient plunge in a starship, this making possible rapid acceleration or deceleration which otherwise would have been ruled out by human inability to tolerate such levels Everyone gets one, and must wear them at appropriate times.

b. Living sleep-suits: for hibernation. High speeds of the Echo Lance could make hibernation unnecessary for trips within the Milky Way Galaxy.

c. Minimum pressure suits, priced at perhaps $250,000 each may be made available for certain passengers in Torch ships, perhaps to leaders of passengers, or perhaps only to passengers who are willing to assist the crew in large scale tasks such as refueling.

d. Liquid breathing suits: (to be discussed subsequently)

e. Gracile suits: supplied only to crew members, but each has at least two (use is considered in the next section)

X) Occasions when worn:

a. Drills in the Echo Lance

b. Solar Gradient plunges

c. If starship becomes punctured by a collision

d. To repair the ship from outside while in space

e. Transfers to other ships

f. Landing on the surface of a landfall that lacks a breathable atmosphere.

g. Initially exploring the surface of a new landfall regardless of atmosphere. Danger of rebellion within the ship.

h. Encounter with aliens; danger of contamination or war, danger of giving away information, finding Earth’s location.

i. Castaways marooned on a landfall without food or drink, even for generations.

j. Ceremonies.

k. Sometimes while working in a fusion Torch ship.

XI) Prospect of liquid breathing suits

a. While this document, unlike typical treatments of star flight, centers attention on what is currently technologically feasible, or on what requires only minor expected breakthroughs to become feasible, occasionally mentions a possible breakthrough so revolutionary that it should not be ignored.

b. Experiments suggest that humans may be able to breathe certain liquids safely.

c. If lungs are filled with saline or oxyflouride compounds, humans can apparently tolerate much more g-force, perhaps as much as 20 to 50 Gs or even higher.

d. If everyone in an Echo Lance was totally immersed in liquid, each inside a special small compartment, a starship could reach near light speed in a few days and decelerate in a similar period. Otherwise, much of the time in star flight would be consumed in one or the other.

e. The crew would need to be in the eyeballs out position – lying down and looking up in the direction of motion.

f. The problem of getting nutrients in to the bodies and extracting wastes would have to be solved; no trouble, take a rest period.

g. Tightly compartment the ship; most of the air in the ship would have to be pumped into containers because of the Pogo effect.

XII) Gracile spacesuits as miniaturized starships

a. Like long-lived turtles are protected by their shells, so a group of stranded crew members could survive comfortably with close social contact for years on an isolate, barren asteroid.

b. Like starships, they would be equipped with life support systems, communication devices, libraries, shielding from hostile environments, and their own sources of propulsion. 

Friday, May 3, 2013

Starship Main Drive Propulsion Systems – Athodyde

Don Davis and Duncan-Enzmann

The Athodyde has an extraordinarily positive effect on mass ratio. It not only gains fuel from the environment, but burns it much more effectively than any proposed engine at speeds of over 90% 99%, and 99.9% of that of light, and higher. This is why:

At these velocities time dilates (slows down) on a starship. (Read To The Stars for a novel based on this equation) The thermonuclear fission/fusion piles slow and the main drives slow down. To an extent this may be overcome by Engine Ganging. It is imaginable using two, four, eight, sixteen, thirty-two, sixty-four, and perhaps even more doublings of energy generation and lance engines; however power plant/engine ganging reaches a limit.

The Athodyde eliminates the need to gang power plants, and to gang engines. The Athodyde’s volume in which hydrogen, deuterium, and other elements are fused is not in the same inertial frame in time at speed of about 99% and above. The volume in which the material gathered by the Athodyde undergoes thermonuclear fusion is in normal space. Energy is produced in normal inertial space and then transformed into momentum in relativistic space. 

The Athodyde is operated with the photon scoop such that the scooped fuel is formed into streams. These may be directed against each other in the manner of clashing particle beams – a method of inducing thermonuclear fusion discovered by Rutherford and his colleagues late in the nineteenth century. 

Shielding the passengers on a starship from the hard gamma flux and neutrons generated by fusion events in the Athodyde should not be a significant problem. The Athodyde would be used before (in front of) the ship – in effect, towing it. It would therefore shelter the ship from interstellar gases and particles by shunting them into its combustion and/or thrust augmentation (afterburning) chambers. In addition at these speeds gamma rays, neutrons, and almost all other particles would be beamed forward of the ship because of beam topple. Beam topple, or head-lighting, operates upon the coulomb electrostatic field, photon propagation, magnetic fields, and the nuclear field. I adumbrate that it must also operate upon the color forces.

Forcing plasma into the Athodyde’s fusion chamber is beautifully solved by scooping. The particles moving inward would be kinetically heated such that they would reach critical frequencies at which both they and associated thermalized photons would be rammed downward into the combustion chamber as the path of least resistance. 

At relativistic speeds, self-pinch acts formidably to constrain plasmas. In a funnel, self-pinch effect may be resonated such that the funnel will feed itself with a self-generated peristaltic traveling wave. Such waves may be generated in plasma vorticies to force fuel down into the reaction volumes to undergo fusion, generating a pulse which operates to gorge the fusion chamber until it generates another pulse. 

At relativistic speeds the gamma rays generated by the fusion pulses could be manipulated to further augment scooping and also feeding of fuel into the reaction chamber.

Athodyde reaction chambers might be operated as pulsed fusion devices, traveling waves of plasma undergoing fusion, and/or a chamber in which thermonuclear fusion is continuous in one location. 

In an Athodyde it would be simple to rotate beams at relativistic speeds. This would cause charge separation and generate an electrostatic Coulomb gradient. A moving charge generates a magnetic field, and at relativistic speeds, magnetic fields undergo self-pinch. In the funnel of an Athodyde the velocity and self-pinch would induce fusion.

At certain thresholds an Athodyde could cross thresholds which would result in genesis of:

White dwarf plasmas
Neutron plasmas
Meson and baryon plasmas
And very probably quark plasmas

On emerging from the stern port of the Athodyde vortex such plasmas could expand successively, they would press against the magnetic fields of the Athodyde and drive the ship forward. 

Dr. Robert Duncan-Enzmann, designer of the Enzmann Starship

physicist, scientist,  astronomer, geologist, archaeologist, historian, linguist, medical doctor

British Embassy School, Peking, China; Univ. London; WW II USN, AC; RN, AB Harvard; ScB Hon., London; Standard, MSc, Witwatersrand; Nat Sci Scholar; MIT course work; Royal Inst. Uppsala Swed.; PhD/MD Cuidad Juarez, Mex.; Pacific Radar: Greenland Gap-filler, Canada DEW-line; SAGE; Pacific PRESS; California ATLAS, BMEWS;  ICBM; Kwajalein Atoll ICBM intercept; TRADEX; Mars Voyager; Cryptography.

Monday, April 29, 2013

Beyond Apollo, Sixth Seminar

Taurus in Pleiades

Science, Art, Communication, and Cosmology

“We are stardust. We are billion year-old carbon. 
And we have to get ourselves back in the Garden.”
                                (Crosby, Stills, Nash, and Young 1969)

Almost a thousand years ago, Chinese astronomers saw a new star burst forth in the heavens. Half-a-world away, amid the arid beauties of the American Southwest, this same star was watched by Pueblo Indians and marked on sandstone below a crescent moon. It has taken a millennium to decode the message of its passing. For what its light was bringing across 6,000 empty light years to their eyes was the death throes of a mighty denizen of heaven, a funeral pyre so immense that in its seething heart would be created elements for countless minds unborn, as had the elements within those very watchers been conceived amid the dying of still more ancient suns. 

It was a cycle framed of elegance: from dust to star and in the end to dust again. For one brief planetary moment, consciousness would flourish on the hearth of many suns, to disappear too soon into the interstellar night, swept outward with the atoms of its dying star. But in-between – a proton of the universe would gaze out upon itself and ask the question:     

Participants in discussions for the Sixth Seminar include:

Isaac Asimov, author, bio-chemist

Donald Davis, artist

Robert Duncan-Enzmann, Fellow, New York Academy of Sciences

Gilette Griffin, Director Princeton Museum of Meso-American Art

Norman Mailer, author

Frederick Pohl, author

Burgertt Roberts, poet

Topics include: 

Cro-Magnon Man and Ice-Age observation of the moon – the beginning of civilization and   the earliest wedding of art and science 

How the process of observation changes the observer

The identity of energy and information and the universe

The process of science: are there limits?

Science and art – complementary objectives

Apollo Seventeen

I hope you have enjoyed this series. What a sight it must have been to sit on the water and watch Apollo launch into the stars. Powerful and magnificent. This is the last seminar of the Voyage Beyond Apollo. It is also the most elegantly described. The questions of discussion were potent then, and they are still so now. Taken together, the seminars pose crucial questions for thinkers of today to reflect upon, and to ponder why? Why are we not colonizing? Why are we not looking for a way to preserve the human race for all time? Why has it taken decades to crawl ahead and then stall out, when in one short decade we raced into the sea of stars? Technology went from radio to rockets in less than 100 years. Rolling forward exponentially in many areas, our technology has unfolded rapidly. Except in space. Why? The inventions of necessary technology for space exploration benefit all areas of human life on earth. Energy, medical, convenience, travel, research, economic growth, jobs.

…… So what happened? Who is out there that is willing to pick the flag up again and run?

One for the money
Two for the show
Three to get ready
Four --- GO!
Just GO.

Friday, April 12, 2013

Beyond Apollo: Fifth Seminar

The overwhelming presence in the night – the stars. They fill the sky, those icy glints of silver, the burnished gleams of gold, the ghostly specter of the Milky Way. These timeless constants across a million revolutions of the Earth around his sun have left their mark and shaped the soul of Man.
What universal symbol adorns the artifacts of cultures spread around the Earth, on art which seeks to draw all men together, and on banners of nations keeping them apart? And where have most men placed their gods if not amid that star-flecked awesome majesty which has come to symbolize the highest aspirations of the human race, the quest for truth and justice, sometimes as out of reach as are the stars themselves?

But pause…..For men are on the threshold of a Dream, the culmination of an odyssey that stretches from the cave. Within this generation they will leave the nursery of the Earth and make that long dark crossing to the stars.

That act, fulfilling, as it will, Neil Armstrong’s prophecy, will be only the beginning. Energies that have been harnessed, from the sun, to launch a starship can also solve on overwhelming crisis for the world – availability , for all, of pollution-less cheap power from the stars. Of lesser things are revolutions made..And what of those who sail from star to star? What will they find? Is life as common in the Universe as stars themselves, or is it rare, more priceless because the distance separating cultures ifs so vast? We do not know.

Perhaps the star lights in the night are beacons marking civilizations resplendent with a thousand Michelangelos, Shakespeares, and da Vincis. A flowering of art to dwarf the best of Earth amid the interstellar suns. OR, again, the lights that light up heaven in that vast celestial city we call the Milky Way may be, without the spark of Mind that seeks to know its origins and communicate with kind across the dark light-years.

Only one thing is certain: if, out of indolence of fear, we do not seek the answer, then our heritage was faulty and the Earth, in no small way, has sapped our essence of humanity which is the Grand Design!

Participants in discussions for the Fifth Seminar include:
  • Cassandra Boell: author, illustrator
  • Eric Burgess: author, editor, science writer Christian Science Monitor
  • Robert Dunan-Enzmann: Fellow, New York Academy of Sciences
  • Robert Heinlein: author
  • Richard C  Hoagland: science adviser, creator of “Voyage Beyond Apollo”
  • Janet Jepperson: psychologist, member New York Academy of Sciences
  • Marvin Minsky: Director Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • Carl Sagan: Director Center for Radio-physics of Technology
  • Linda Sagan: artist
  • Richard Sternbach: artist
  • Sara Meltzoff: cultural anthropologist

Topics include: 
  •        The influence of the stars on the cultures of mankind
  •        Detection of suitable destinations for interstellar probes
  •        Construction, energy requirements and instrumentation of unmanned galactic   probes
  •        Objectives, planning and launching of first manned interstellar expedition
  •        Pioneer 10 – the first interstellar messenger and its message to Earth and the stars
  •        The ultimate meaning of the Grand Design and the future of human civilization

See prior articles:

Thursday, March 28, 2013

Voyage Beyond Apollo Fourth Seminar

Not since Prometheus have men dared so much to gain the fire of the gods. It seems fittingly appropriate therefore that mans first true golden age shall be ushered in amid the glare of heaven, the harnesses power of the stars themselves.

Fusion, the inexhaustive pollution-free and almost costless energy that lights the sun and stars across the night, is on the eve of being tapped for civilization and societies in dire need.
Imagine power plants the size of coffee pots – no belching stacks, unsightly wires, no blackouts due to snow or over usage, no worries about radiation, no strip mining scars, no more pollution over cities due to power generation, and no more pollutants due to auto exhaust emissions, as fusion engines operating with but one gram of fuel could take a car from coast to coast ten times over – some 30,000 miles – for less than fifty cents, the cost of fusion fuel.

Imagine the nearly perfect recycler. Old cans, bottles, bags, cars, and sundry trash would vanish into one end. Out of the other, good new supplies of raw materials would flow. This is possible within a future now foreseen and it will happen sooner than you think.
Consider: with power from the stars (as efficient compared with present fossil fuels as gasoline to matches) what is to prevent man from attaining his age-old dream, and reaching out to touch the stars themselves?

Consider vast and stately liners carrying a thousand people from Earth to the Moon, from Mars to sites amid the glories of the rings of Saturn. Such a ship, direct descendant of our ship, the S. S. Statendam, will fly within our lifetimes, and many present here will see sight s never seen before. These vessels are preclusive to the grandest ships of all, descendants which will, ultimately, carry 10,000 year traditions on the widest sea of all, the waiting sea of stars. 

Participants in discussions for the Fourth Seminar include:

  • Robin Anderson, executive, Space Research Corporation
  • Donald Banks, systems design and management
  • Ben Bova, editor of “Analog”
  • Bruce Hunt, consulting physicist
  • Frederick Pohl, author
  • Werner Rambauske, physicist

Topics include:

  • Energy as the foundation of civilized cultures
  • Energy production within the biosphere, and its unwanted side effects
  • Sources of energy historically available to man, and current new options
  • The impact of essentially free energy in portable form, and with no appreciable side effects, on the world’s major environmental problems
  • Utilization of stellar energy sources for propulsion of multi-ton space ships throughout the solar system
  • The social consequence of available energy and its usage to increase the quality of life
  • Optics: Man’s sensory contact with the energy emitted by the Universe

As I post these extraordinary seminars I am struck by the nagging question "why did this not happen?" These topics were introduced as valid options half a century ago. Why are we still debating the energy question? Why are we plagued with fears of energy shortages, pollution, and an over crowded planet? 

The only answer is that we got in our own way. The science was there decades ago. Who is blockading this progress? I am reminded of a blockade that happened on the Mediterranean for 1200 years. No tin was allowed to flow through the world. Why not? Are we being prevented from space technology for the same reasons? By the same people? If not, who? AND FOR WHAT? 

I hope that these posts are a catalyst for thought. Think hard. Then ask yourself, what can you do? Or, perhaps more to the point, what can you not do. Don't believe everything you are told by the experts, the media, or the population. Read and question. Think. Compare. Then think some more. I know, hard work. But staying here will be hard when a comet is on its way, or the weather becomes an ice age, or there are too many people. 

The next generation has the opportunity to expand our reach into the endless real estate of space. Industry will boom. New markets will be created. Prosperity is possible.  All because some among us would like to explore the ocean of stars we have pondered for at least 75 thousand years. Let's help them do it. - Michelle

Sunday, March 10, 2013

Voyage beyond Apollo again

Text reads:
While millions watch in awe as Apollo 17 rises on a pillar of fire from its pad at Kennedy Space Center, you will witness this most spectacular event from the open decks of one of the finest ships on the seas, Holland America's luxury liner S. S. Statendam.

The festivities at Cape Canaveral during a launch have been compared with New Year's Eve, Mardi Gras, Derby Day, and the Fourth of July - rolled into one. As this first night launch turns night into day, the greatest celebration of all will be on board the Statendam!

Leaving Cape Canaveral anchorage, "Voyage Beyond Apollo" will embark on a journey through the Caribbean while the Apollo 17 sails moon-ward!

First you will visit St. Thomas and its capital city, Charlotte Amalie - playground of the elegant and duty-free shopping center for the riches of the world. You may wish to do some exploring of your own, visiting Magens Bay with one of the most beautiful beaches in the world - enjoy a Banana Daiquiri at the Mountain Top Hotel, famous for its panoramic view of the Virgin Islands - and the 300 year old Bluebeard's Castle, where you will enjoy a charming view of the town and harbor. 

Then, on to San Juan - one of the oldest cities in the Caribbean, yet on of the newest. You may visit historic El Morro fortress - and super-glamours hotels ... ancient churches, and modern shops.

Other text on this brochure:

An optional opportunity to participate in 
Space-Related Symposiums 
coordinated by Captain Edgar Mitchell, USN, retired, 
sixth astronaut to walk on the moon.

This special Voyage Beyond Apollo is going to carry some special passengers too! Names such as Dr. Wernher Von Braun, Arthur C. Clarke, Isaac Asimov, Norman Mailer, as well as Geophysicists, Aeronautical Engineers, Astronomers, Anthropologists, Biochemists, and an Apollo astronaut.

They'll hold seminars on topics ranging from "Apollo and the Moon - Man's First Conscious step in Evolution," to "The Mythology of other Star Systems, Constellations Unseen by Human Eyes." You'll even have the rare chance to attend a lecture by Dr. F. Drake on interstellar communication while in his laboratory, the 1,000 foot radio telescope deep in the jungles of Puerto Rico.

These seminars are an extraordinary added feature and naturally, at an added cost. Cabins for Voyage Beyond Apollo Cruise plus participation in the seminars and related social functions range from $750 to $1,400. Ask for Further information. 

Symposium Participants

Captain Edgar Mitchell
Apollo 14 Lunar Module Pilot, sixth human being to walk on the lunar surface, first to conduct a scientific experiment in parapsychology from cislunar space
Chairman for the conference on “Recent Developments in Mind Science”

Dr. Robert Duncan Enzmann
Geophysicist, Environmental Sciences, New York Academy of sciences Conference Chairman
“Presentation of Order Theory – Challenge to Einstein’s Relativity”
New York Academy of Sciences conference on Thermonuclear Fusion
“The Howling of Beasts: A Saga of Man’s 50,000 Years from Savagery to Space”

Dr. Krafft Ehricke
Chief Scientist, North American Rockwell
“The Magnificent Heritage” from the Origin of Life to Man’s Occupation O the Solar System

Arthur C. Clarke
Inventor in 1945 of Communication Satellite, Author of over 100 books covering all aspects of science and science fiction, author with Stanley Kubrick of “2001 – a Space Odyssey”
“Childhoods End – The human race on the eve of growing up.”

Dr. Wernher Von Braun
Aeronautics Consultant, Fairchild Hiller, Corp
“Apollo and the Moon – Man’s First Conscious Step in Evolution.”

Dr. Carl Sagan
Director Center for Radio-physics, Cornell University, Marine 9 Television Experimenter
“Mars – A Revolution in 90 Days”
“Extraterrestrial Life - Where it may be found and the possibilities of Contact”
“A Message to Earth – the story behind the historic plaque to the stars currently aboard Pioneer 10”

Dr. Constantine Generalis, D. Phil
Founder &  former Deputy Director Space Medicine Division New York State Medical Society
“Man and the Universe and their Interrelation”

Dr. Marvin Minski
Head, Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, MIT
“The Immanent Creation of Artificial Intelligence and its Revolutionary impact on Society”

Dr. Isaac Asimov
Former Prof Biochemistry, Boston University, Author of over 100 books covering science and science fiction, Developer of famous “Three Laws of Robotics”
“The Future – Doom or Utopia – A Choice”

Dr. F Drake
Director Arecibo Ionospheric Observatory
Former Director Project Ozma, Worlds first formally defined effort to detect intelligent radio transmissions from interstellar space
“Interstellar Communication – the Possibilities Now and Tomorrow”

Dr. Michael Koe
Former Chairman Yale University Department of Anthropology, currently leading authority on Meso-American Anthropology
“The Astronomical Basis of the Olmec and Mayan Civilizations”

Neil Ruzic
President Industrial Research, author
“The case for going to the moon” and “Where the winds sleep”
“Human Acquisition of the Moon - its Effect on Art, Philosophy, and Science of a Civilization in Crisis”

G. Harry Stine
Founder and former president National Association of Rocketry, Author, Engineer, and Vice President StarQuest LTD
“The Third Industrial Revolution – Preservation of Earth Ecology through Factories in Space and Utilization of Resources of the Solar System”

Jackie Cooper
Actor, director, producer
Honorary celebrity chairman “Voyage Beyond Apollo”

Norman Mailer
Author “Of a Fire on the Moon,” et. al.

Dr. George Pezdirtz
Chief Chemistry Division, NASA, Langley Research Center
Program Chairman “Voyage beyond Apollo”

Saturday, March 9, 2013

Anatomy of an EchoLance

Enzmann Echolance
Model by Pangman

The echolances may be divided into sections. There is a multiple rational for the division.

Construction would be in sections such that sections could be built on the surface of the Earth then carried to shipyards in space for assembly. In a Starfleet operating far from Earth, sections could be moved from one ship to another, adding enormously to the safety of a fleet should ships be damaged or malfunction in part or in whole.

The construction of starships could be standardized to bring down their costs. The nuclear industry in the United States is an example of non-standardized construction. Each plant seems to differ from all others, which delays certification. 

Standardized construction tends to improve quality it was the standardization of armories, then assembly lines that brought the United States into the machine age, and opened for all of us the cornucopia of creature comforts we live in.

Crow’s nest, bridge, gyrane mechanisms, shield beam controls, scoop beam controls, inter-fleet shuttle decks, cone shields, controls for the athodyd, frame for the athodyd, frame for snowball fuel-sphere lock-on.

Fission reactors, fission-fusion reactors, fusion reactors, thermal radiators, power transmission, cooling of echolance superconducting magnets, thrust development in echolances.

Living quarters, facilities, recreation, schools, hospitals, malls, ANP decks, fanjet decks, refueler decks, logistics decks, repair and maintenance decks, garden decks, animal areas, supply storage, mini-factories, rotator belts, doubly-rotating spheres.

Radioactives dump as after-burn, radioactives refining, heavy metal fabrication, fuel refining, ore beneficiation.

A vital part of the echolances are their crane frames. These may be used as cranes, gangplanks, pipe-lines, conveyor belts, or walkways. Crane frames may be used to grapple other ships to assist them. They may be extended as landing pads, and deployed on comets and asteroids in refueling operations when a starship finds a body small enough to permit it to land. It could land on a body where the gravitational field at the surface would cause weights to be perhaps 1/25 to 1/50 of that of Earth, or less. On such a body a 100,000 ton ship could be supported on a framework designed to carry weights of 2,500 tons, 1,000 tons, or less. 



Lance and Echolance

ION PROPULSION is the simplest form of a particle beam drive for spaceships. In an ion drove particles can be electrically accelerated such that their equivalent temperatures are on the order of tens of thousands of degrees. These temperature equivalents may be attained without melting container walls.

LANCE PROPULSION is in effect an electrical transformer used such that electrical energy conducted into its primary (accelerating coils) is transformed into momentum of a secondary conductor. The energy in the primary is transformed into momentum of the beam.

(note: development of beam weapons will move the explosion of mankind out into interstellar space by decades – perhaps centuries. A beam weapon is a rudimentary Lance Drive. Beam weapons convert energy into momentum. The momentum carried by a beam may be the equivalent of a thousand point artillery shell moving at speeds of miles per second. Yet, at rest the mass of such beams are infinitesimal fractions of a gram)

ECHO LANCE is a word coined by the writer. (RDE) I apologize for this, but wish to explain that the curious designation “echolance” is used to emphasize one of the most important aspects of rocket physics: a rocket functions with maximum efficiency when its exhaust velocity exactly equals its forward velocity.
At relativistic speed, Lance Drives can expel particles rearward. In doing so they will not only gain a forward component of reaction energy, but in addition, the relativistic mass of the beam. Ideally the beam would be left motionless in space with a trivial rest mass, while the ship would gain both the forward impetus of its forward reaction against its beam, and the inertial mass of the beam. 

One of the centermost aspects of starship design is the mass ratios of fuel to payload. Here, payload includes the ship, its frame, its engine, its cargo, life support systems. Mass ration is a ration off fuel to everything else including fuel tanks. 

Dr Robert Bussard has long realized that if hydrogen fuel could be gained from the interstellar environment it would make a startling difference in mass rations. It would not only make a difference, it would be on of the most attractive routes to designing a vehicle that could reach speeds well over 99% that of light.
Many scientists and engineers have developed upon the Bussard Scoop. It is an attractive concept. 

All scoop designs I have seen use material scoops. It is not at all necessary to build a scoop of metal, Mylar, or any other material substance. A scoop may be fashioned of light beams.
The simple computations below suggest that scooping fuel from the interstellar continuum with beams of light totally eliminates the need for massive structures extending tens, hundreds, even thousands of miles about a starship.

Scooping of fuel with light beams is not only possible with relatively light weight equipment, but it increases the efficiency of a starship in other ways, for example:

Waste heat of the fission and/or fusion reactors may be beamed forward to augment the scoop. 

Waste heat will be Doppler shifted by the starships speed such that it will appear to have a much shorter wavelength relative to the hydrogen, deuterium, etc. in the inertial spaces between the stars.

The substance scooped will have its temperature raised to near fusion temperatures wherewith they may be used in an interstellar athodyd which will be considered in the next section on PROPULSION SYSTEMS.