Thursday, March 28, 2013

Voyage Beyond Apollo Fourth Seminar

Not since Prometheus have men dared so much to gain the fire of the gods. It seems fittingly appropriate therefore that mans first true golden age shall be ushered in amid the glare of heaven, the harnesses power of the stars themselves.

Fusion, the inexhaustive pollution-free and almost costless energy that lights the sun and stars across the night, is on the eve of being tapped for civilization and societies in dire need.
Imagine power plants the size of coffee pots – no belching stacks, unsightly wires, no blackouts due to snow or over usage, no worries about radiation, no strip mining scars, no more pollution over cities due to power generation, and no more pollutants due to auto exhaust emissions, as fusion engines operating with but one gram of fuel could take a car from coast to coast ten times over – some 30,000 miles – for less than fifty cents, the cost of fusion fuel.

Imagine the nearly perfect recycler. Old cans, bottles, bags, cars, and sundry trash would vanish into one end. Out of the other, good new supplies of raw materials would flow. This is possible within a future now foreseen and it will happen sooner than you think.
Consider: with power from the stars (as efficient compared with present fossil fuels as gasoline to matches) what is to prevent man from attaining his age-old dream, and reaching out to touch the stars themselves?

Consider vast and stately liners carrying a thousand people from Earth to the Moon, from Mars to sites amid the glories of the rings of Saturn. Such a ship, direct descendant of our ship, the S. S. Statendam, will fly within our lifetimes, and many present here will see sight s never seen before. These vessels are preclusive to the grandest ships of all, descendants which will, ultimately, carry 10,000 year traditions on the widest sea of all, the waiting sea of stars. 

Participants in discussions for the Fourth Seminar include:

  • Robin Anderson, executive, Space Research Corporation
  • Donald Banks, systems design and management
  • Ben Bova, editor of “Analog”
  • Bruce Hunt, consulting physicist
  • Frederick Pohl, author
  • Werner Rambauske, physicist

Topics include:

  • Energy as the foundation of civilized cultures
  • Energy production within the biosphere, and its unwanted side effects
  • Sources of energy historically available to man, and current new options
  • The impact of essentially free energy in portable form, and with no appreciable side effects, on the world’s major environmental problems
  • Utilization of stellar energy sources for propulsion of multi-ton space ships throughout the solar system
  • The social consequence of available energy and its usage to increase the quality of life
  • Optics: Man’s sensory contact with the energy emitted by the Universe

As I post these extraordinary seminars I am struck by the nagging question "why did this not happen?" These topics were introduced as valid options half a century ago. Why are we still debating the energy question? Why are we plagued with fears of energy shortages, pollution, and an over crowded planet? 

The only answer is that we got in our own way. The science was there decades ago. Who is blockading this progress? I am reminded of a blockade that happened on the Mediterranean for 1200 years. No tin was allowed to flow through the world. Why not? Are we being prevented from space technology for the same reasons? By the same people? If not, who? AND FOR WHAT? 

I hope that these posts are a catalyst for thought. Think hard. Then ask yourself, what can you do? Or, perhaps more to the point, what can you not do. Don't believe everything you are told by the experts, the media, or the population. Read and question. Think. Compare. Then think some more. I know, hard work. But staying here will be hard when a comet is on its way, or the weather becomes an ice age, or there are too many people. 

The next generation has the opportunity to expand our reach into the endless real estate of space. Industry will boom. New markets will be created. Prosperity is possible.  All because some among us would like to explore the ocean of stars we have pondered for at least 75 thousand years. Let's help them do it. - Michelle

Sunday, March 10, 2013

Voyage beyond Apollo again

Text reads:
While millions watch in awe as Apollo 17 rises on a pillar of fire from its pad at Kennedy Space Center, you will witness this most spectacular event from the open decks of one of the finest ships on the seas, Holland America's luxury liner S. S. Statendam.

The festivities at Cape Canaveral during a launch have been compared with New Year's Eve, Mardi Gras, Derby Day, and the Fourth of July - rolled into one. As this first night launch turns night into day, the greatest celebration of all will be on board the Statendam!

Leaving Cape Canaveral anchorage, "Voyage Beyond Apollo" will embark on a journey through the Caribbean while the Apollo 17 sails moon-ward!

First you will visit St. Thomas and its capital city, Charlotte Amalie - playground of the elegant and duty-free shopping center for the riches of the world. You may wish to do some exploring of your own, visiting Magens Bay with one of the most beautiful beaches in the world - enjoy a Banana Daiquiri at the Mountain Top Hotel, famous for its panoramic view of the Virgin Islands - and the 300 year old Bluebeard's Castle, where you will enjoy a charming view of the town and harbor. 

Then, on to San Juan - one of the oldest cities in the Caribbean, yet on of the newest. You may visit historic El Morro fortress - and super-glamours hotels ... ancient churches, and modern shops.

Other text on this brochure:

An optional opportunity to participate in 
Space-Related Symposiums 
coordinated by Captain Edgar Mitchell, USN, retired, 
sixth astronaut to walk on the moon.

This special Voyage Beyond Apollo is going to carry some special passengers too! Names such as Dr. Wernher Von Braun, Arthur C. Clarke, Isaac Asimov, Norman Mailer, as well as Geophysicists, Aeronautical Engineers, Astronomers, Anthropologists, Biochemists, and an Apollo astronaut.

They'll hold seminars on topics ranging from "Apollo and the Moon - Man's First Conscious step in Evolution," to "The Mythology of other Star Systems, Constellations Unseen by Human Eyes." You'll even have the rare chance to attend a lecture by Dr. F. Drake on interstellar communication while in his laboratory, the 1,000 foot radio telescope deep in the jungles of Puerto Rico.

These seminars are an extraordinary added feature and naturally, at an added cost. Cabins for Voyage Beyond Apollo Cruise plus participation in the seminars and related social functions range from $750 to $1,400. Ask for Further information. 

Symposium Participants

Captain Edgar Mitchell
Apollo 14 Lunar Module Pilot, sixth human being to walk on the lunar surface, first to conduct a scientific experiment in parapsychology from cislunar space
Chairman for the conference on “Recent Developments in Mind Science”

Dr. Robert Duncan Enzmann
Geophysicist, Environmental Sciences, New York Academy of sciences Conference Chairman
“Presentation of Order Theory – Challenge to Einstein’s Relativity”
New York Academy of Sciences conference on Thermonuclear Fusion
“The Howling of Beasts: A Saga of Man’s 50,000 Years from Savagery to Space”

Dr. Krafft Ehricke
Chief Scientist, North American Rockwell
“The Magnificent Heritage” from the Origin of Life to Man’s Occupation O the Solar System

Arthur C. Clarke
Inventor in 1945 of Communication Satellite, Author of over 100 books covering all aspects of science and science fiction, author with Stanley Kubrick of “2001 – a Space Odyssey”
“Childhoods End – The human race on the eve of growing up.”

Dr. Wernher Von Braun
Aeronautics Consultant, Fairchild Hiller, Corp
“Apollo and the Moon – Man’s First Conscious Step in Evolution.”

Dr. Carl Sagan
Director Center for Radio-physics, Cornell University, Marine 9 Television Experimenter
“Mars – A Revolution in 90 Days”
“Extraterrestrial Life - Where it may be found and the possibilities of Contact”
“A Message to Earth – the story behind the historic plaque to the stars currently aboard Pioneer 10”

Dr. Constantine Generalis, D. Phil
Founder &  former Deputy Director Space Medicine Division New York State Medical Society
“Man and the Universe and their Interrelation”

Dr. Marvin Minski
Head, Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, MIT
“The Immanent Creation of Artificial Intelligence and its Revolutionary impact on Society”

Dr. Isaac Asimov
Former Prof Biochemistry, Boston University, Author of over 100 books covering science and science fiction, Developer of famous “Three Laws of Robotics”
“The Future – Doom or Utopia – A Choice”

Dr. F Drake
Director Arecibo Ionospheric Observatory
Former Director Project Ozma, Worlds first formally defined effort to detect intelligent radio transmissions from interstellar space
“Interstellar Communication – the Possibilities Now and Tomorrow”

Dr. Michael Koe
Former Chairman Yale University Department of Anthropology, currently leading authority on Meso-American Anthropology
“The Astronomical Basis of the Olmec and Mayan Civilizations”

Neil Ruzic
President Industrial Research, author
“The case for going to the moon” and “Where the winds sleep”
“Human Acquisition of the Moon - its Effect on Art, Philosophy, and Science of a Civilization in Crisis”

G. Harry Stine
Founder and former president National Association of Rocketry, Author, Engineer, and Vice President StarQuest LTD
“The Third Industrial Revolution – Preservation of Earth Ecology through Factories in Space and Utilization of Resources of the Solar System”

Jackie Cooper
Actor, director, producer
Honorary celebrity chairman “Voyage Beyond Apollo”

Norman Mailer
Author “Of a Fire on the Moon,” et. al.

Dr. George Pezdirtz
Chief Chemistry Division, NASA, Langley Research Center
Program Chairman “Voyage beyond Apollo”

Saturday, March 9, 2013

Anatomy of an EchoLance

Enzmann Echolance
Model by Pangman

The echolances may be divided into sections. There is a multiple rational for the division.

Construction would be in sections such that sections could be built on the surface of the Earth then carried to shipyards in space for assembly. In a Starfleet operating far from Earth, sections could be moved from one ship to another, adding enormously to the safety of a fleet should ships be damaged or malfunction in part or in whole.

The construction of starships could be standardized to bring down their costs. The nuclear industry in the United States is an example of non-standardized construction. Each plant seems to differ from all others, which delays certification. 

Standardized construction tends to improve quality it was the standardization of armories, then assembly lines that brought the United States into the machine age, and opened for all of us the cornucopia of creature comforts we live in.

Crow’s nest, bridge, gyrane mechanisms, shield beam controls, scoop beam controls, inter-fleet shuttle decks, cone shields, controls for the athodyd, frame for the athodyd, frame for snowball fuel-sphere lock-on.

Fission reactors, fission-fusion reactors, fusion reactors, thermal radiators, power transmission, cooling of echolance superconducting magnets, thrust development in echolances.

Living quarters, facilities, recreation, schools, hospitals, malls, ANP decks, fanjet decks, refueler decks, logistics decks, repair and maintenance decks, garden decks, animal areas, supply storage, mini-factories, rotator belts, doubly-rotating spheres.

Radioactives dump as after-burn, radioactives refining, heavy metal fabrication, fuel refining, ore beneficiation.

A vital part of the echolances are their crane frames. These may be used as cranes, gangplanks, pipe-lines, conveyor belts, or walkways. Crane frames may be used to grapple other ships to assist them. They may be extended as landing pads, and deployed on comets and asteroids in refueling operations when a starship finds a body small enough to permit it to land. It could land on a body where the gravitational field at the surface would cause weights to be perhaps 1/25 to 1/50 of that of Earth, or less. On such a body a 100,000 ton ship could be supported on a framework designed to carry weights of 2,500 tons, 1,000 tons, or less. 



Lance and Echolance

ION PROPULSION is the simplest form of a particle beam drive for spaceships. In an ion drove particles can be electrically accelerated such that their equivalent temperatures are on the order of tens of thousands of degrees. These temperature equivalents may be attained without melting container walls.

LANCE PROPULSION is in effect an electrical transformer used such that electrical energy conducted into its primary (accelerating coils) is transformed into momentum of a secondary conductor. The energy in the primary is transformed into momentum of the beam.

(note: development of beam weapons will move the explosion of mankind out into interstellar space by decades – perhaps centuries. A beam weapon is a rudimentary Lance Drive. Beam weapons convert energy into momentum. The momentum carried by a beam may be the equivalent of a thousand point artillery shell moving at speeds of miles per second. Yet, at rest the mass of such beams are infinitesimal fractions of a gram)

ECHO LANCE is a word coined by the writer. (RDE) I apologize for this, but wish to explain that the curious designation “echolance” is used to emphasize one of the most important aspects of rocket physics: a rocket functions with maximum efficiency when its exhaust velocity exactly equals its forward velocity.
At relativistic speed, Lance Drives can expel particles rearward. In doing so they will not only gain a forward component of reaction energy, but in addition, the relativistic mass of the beam. Ideally the beam would be left motionless in space with a trivial rest mass, while the ship would gain both the forward impetus of its forward reaction against its beam, and the inertial mass of the beam. 

One of the centermost aspects of starship design is the mass ratios of fuel to payload. Here, payload includes the ship, its frame, its engine, its cargo, life support systems. Mass ration is a ration off fuel to everything else including fuel tanks. 

Dr Robert Bussard has long realized that if hydrogen fuel could be gained from the interstellar environment it would make a startling difference in mass rations. It would not only make a difference, it would be on of the most attractive routes to designing a vehicle that could reach speeds well over 99% that of light.
Many scientists and engineers have developed upon the Bussard Scoop. It is an attractive concept. 

All scoop designs I have seen use material scoops. It is not at all necessary to build a scoop of metal, Mylar, or any other material substance. A scoop may be fashioned of light beams.
The simple computations below suggest that scooping fuel from the interstellar continuum with beams of light totally eliminates the need for massive structures extending tens, hundreds, even thousands of miles about a starship.

Scooping of fuel with light beams is not only possible with relatively light weight equipment, but it increases the efficiency of a starship in other ways, for example:

Waste heat of the fission and/or fusion reactors may be beamed forward to augment the scoop. 

Waste heat will be Doppler shifted by the starships speed such that it will appear to have a much shorter wavelength relative to the hydrogen, deuterium, etc. in the inertial spaces between the stars.

The substance scooped will have its temperature raised to near fusion temperatures wherewith they may be used in an interstellar athodyd which will be considered in the next section on PROPULSION SYSTEMS.

Monday, March 4, 2013

Voyage Beyond Apollo continued

Third Seminar:
The New Technology for Social Change and the Quest for Artificial Intelligence
(no author stated)

Man is a meddler. The measure of his meddling is his technology, begun mega-years ago when a forever nameless ancestor dare the hell of flame and tamed the forge that would one day carry his descendants to the Moon.

Since that first technological plateau, man has expanded his capacity to meddle so that the second and the third technological explosions will have take place essentially together – a single chapter in the epic of his last 4 million years as homo-sapiens. The second revolution, the invention of machines, led sections of this earth into an affluence unparalleled before – but at a price. Although most men of Earth still labor as did their ancestors 10,000 years ago, the world on which they live is not the same. Reduced by swelling numbers and their demand upon its bounty, the Earth they know has shrunk, becoming finite far too soon. Future history, therefore, depends intensely on the outcome of a race between pollution and depletion of the Earth, and awareness of the unprecedented nature of this age.

Solution of the problems facing Man requires yet again another revolution, the third technological upheaval in his reign of planet Earth: the quest for energy both limitless and non-polluting, complete removal of inherently polluting industries from Earth, and full development of electronic surrogates for men in tasks dehumanizing to man’s basic nature.
With these objectives firmly held in mind, achievement of a dream can come to pass. The garden of the Earth can be restored, with men pursuing occupation which enhance the human soul, not degrade it. Attainment of the highest human aspirations – a world of peace where opportunity for full personal development exists for all – is possible: the second Golden Age, if and when the benefits of sophisticated automation are coupled with increasing use of manufacturing facilities in Space, and both are joined to social systems equally advanced.

Therein lies the future of a world worth living on, with myriad other human cultures in myriad other places across the solar system…

Hope for the full flowering, at last, of Man’s Humanity to Man.

Participants in discussions for the Third Seminar include:

Arthur C Clarke, author; Fellow, Royal Astronomical Society
Drafft Ehricke, chief scientific advisor, North American Rockwell Company
Robert Heinlein, author
Janet Jepperson, psychologist; member New York Academy of Sciences
Sarah Meltzoff, cultural anthropologist
Marvin Minsky, Director Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Keith Moore, psychologist
Linda Sagan, artist
G. Harry Sitne, author; consulting engineer 

Topics Include:

Resources of the Solar System
Manufacturing processes in near-Earth space, on the Moon, and in other environments of the solar system
Removal of heavy polluters from the biosphere into space
Commercial possibilities for development of extraterrestrial capital
Transmutation of rare elements in environments uninhabited and isolated from terrestrial ecology
The search for artificial intelligence and its implications for the future of civilization